Bed sores is a common problem faced by the bedridden patients, coma patients, patients in wheel chair etc. Continuous pressure on the same part of the skin cuts off the blood supply to that area and cause bed sores. Bed sores are more prominent over bony area where there is only a little flesh between the skin and bone.
Usually, bed sores develops on the back side of the body such as spinal areas, buttocks etc. Other commonly affected areas are back of the shoulders, back of the head, elbows and ankles. Bed sores start as reddened degenerating and ulcerated skin which when exposed to urine or any other irritating agents leads to gangrenous and serious infections.
At times bed sores becomes deep and may even extend up to muscles and once bed sores develops, then it takes time to heal. It is very crucial to treat bed sores as soon they appear. If the skin breaks open then it is very difficult to heal the bed sores.
Timely treatment of bed sores helps to heal them with moderate difficulty.
- The first and foremost method to treat bed sores is to remove the pressure on the affected areas. This can be done by changing the position of the bed reddened patient periodically. Do not massage the affected areas of the skin as it may worsen the condition.
- If the bed sore is ulcerated then clean the area with either normal saline or sterile water. Any other gentle cleansing solution recommended by the health care professional can also be used for cleaning purpose. Cleaning should start from the center of the wound and progress towards the edges, so that all the germs get removed from the ulcer.
- After cleaning the bed sore apply a gauze pad wetted with honey on the affected areas daily at night. Change the gauze pad next day morning and wash the areas gently to keep the bed sore clean. This may help to heal the bedsores in two weeks’ time.
- Vitamin E liquid is also a good treatment for bed sores. With the help of a cotton swab apply a little vitamin E liquid to the bed sores. This helps to relieve the pain and hasten up the healing process. If vitamin E liquid is unavailable, use vitamin E capsules. Open the vitamin E capsules and apply the powder directly to the affected areas.
- Make a paste out of equal quantities of powdered slippery elm and comfrey leaves. Apply this paste on a gauze pad and tie it on the sore throughout the night. In order to disinfect the area you can dust Echinacea or goldenseal powder on the sores and cover the sores with bandages.
- Change the bandages over the bedsores on every morning and evening and wash the sore with a concoction made out of witch hazel or turmeric or goldenseal. Also keep the bedsore open so as to allow the bedsore to breathe and heal fast.
- If you feel like the bed sore is infected then better go for a culture, with the doctor’s consent. Culture helps to reveal the type of germs that are growing inside the sore and the doctor will prescribe the appropriate antibiotics.