The circulatory system is very significant for transportation of oxygen, nutrients and hormones throughout the body. The main parts of the system include heart, blood vessels, lymph and blood that work in coordination to mediate the process with full efficiency. Any problem with any of the part of the circulatory system can lead to different diseases that will alter the functioning of circulatory system.
Any deviation from the normal functioning of veins and arteries can cause severe complications that harm the other body organs or parts. Most of the associated diseases are linked to heart functioning and with proper treatment, they can be rectified.
Major diseases of Circulatory system
Treatments And Important Circulatory System Diseases
When one undergoes abnormal heart beats, with being slow at times and suddenly running at a fast pace at other times, an individual is known to suffer from arrhythmia. In certain individuals, heart beat is also known to get skipped. Such irregularities of heart beat are the result of structural defects of the heart vessels.
The treatment for arrhythmia includes use of beta blocker medications like metaprolol, atenolol that are helpful in treating the slow paced heart beats. For other cases of arrhythmia, surgery is performed to install pacemaker device that regulates the heart beat by making use of electrical impulses and normalizes the heart rhythmic pattern.
Any obstruction in blood vessels of the heart can lead to restricted oxygen and blood flow to the heart, resulting in Angina. It is one of the most common circulatory system diseases that result in chest pain as the major symptom that also characterize the form of Angina as stable or unstable angina.
In stable Angina, the chest pain happens more repeatedly, whereas in unstable angina, it occurs all of a sudden. There may appear different variations in symptoms of angina associated chest pain. It may be a feeling of chest tightness, getting choked up or a burning sensation in the chest. The major causes behind angina ailment are smoking, hypertension and diabetes.
The treatment goal is to restore the normal flow of blood to the heart and therefore, vasodilators are being used to treat angina. Additionally, medicines like beta blockers and calcium channel blockers are used for reducing the pressure over the heart and in turn minimizing the constriction of blood vessels.
Peripheral Vascular Disease
A kind of circulatory disease that affects the functioning of arteries and veins, present outside the brain and the heart, is known as peripheral vascular disease. There is a buildup of fatty substances inside the arteries and veins, leading to hardening and associated troubles during peripheral vascular disease.
The common symptom is the pain that appears while walking and therefore, also referred as claudication. One may also experience pain in feet while resting as another symptom of the disease. The treatment incorporates management of various diseases like diabetes and hypertension while treating claudication with use of drugs like cilostazol and pentoxifylline. To prevent formation of blood clots within the veins or/and arteries, aspirin and clopidogrel and statins drugs may also be recommended.
Chronic Venous Insufficiency
The disease of chronic venous insufficiency occurs, when the valves of the leg veins get damaged, leading to increase in blood pressure beyond the normal range. The main cause of venous insufficiency is the formation of blood clots within the veins. The secondary cause is the inflammation and swelling of the veins, called as phlebitis.
Itching remains the main symptom of chronic venous insufficiency, while the other associated symptoms are discoloration, skin thickening and skin inflammation. The most important treatment approach for the disease is manual compression lymphatic massage therapy. The patients are also advised to wear medical stockings during walks as it helps in achieving a quick recovery.
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