A hernia is caused when muscle wall weakens, allowing part of an internal organ or tissue to push through a cavity wall in which it resides.
It can be protrusion of brain tissue or discs in the spine, but the most common form of hernia that occurs in people is an abdominal hernia. Around 10% of population suffers from hernia in their lifetime, and all ages from an infant to old age or genders can have it, though, it is majorly seen in males.
Signs And Symptoms Of Hernia
Main symptoms include discomfort or pain, a localized swelling in the abdominal surface or groin area. Hernia may be painless with bulging appearance. Hernia pain could be constant or intermittent with swelling as little or absent. The symptoms mainly depend on the level of pressure existing within the abdomen.
A continuous and intense pain at the swollen site is sign of something more serious or may be a medical emergency that need to be evaluated immediately by the specialist.One is ought to have a hernia when a soft lump is felt at the belly or groin, where a surgery might have occurred in the past. The lump may move away on lying down or pressing it and referred to as reducible hernia. It becomes painful on coughing, lifting heavy weight and bending.
Signs Of Abdominal Hernia
In abdominal hernia, weakness in abdominal structural muscles causes protrusion of the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum), leading to bulging of the abdominal wall. This is noticeable when the muscles get tightened, thereby elevating the pressure in the abdomen. All activities that raise the intra-abdominal pressure worsen hernia further. These include coughing, lifting or straining during difficult bowel movements. It is comparable to a barrel with hole and a balloon blown up within the barrel. The part of balloon bulges out from the hole, like tissues of abdomen bulging out from hernia.
Major Symptoms Of A Strangulated Hernia
When a hernia lump cannot be pushed back it is known as irreducible hernia. The people with irreducible hernia experience an interrupted blood supply or a bowel restriction, known as strangulated hernia.Serious complications of reducible hernia may result in trapping of tissues known as incarceration. Tissue damage or death may occur, if blood supply in trapped tissues gets cut off or discontinued, it leads to strangulated hernia.
The symptoms of a strangulated hernia include nausea, vomiting, red skin around the hernia, a steady pain that get worse gradually and it pains, if hernia gets touched.The treatment for strangulated hernia includes a quick surgery, but hernia surgery is not at all a complicated and troublesome procedure. It can be easily carried out without fear and much delay.
Symptoms Of Bowel Obstruction In Inguinal Hernias
In inguinal hernias, intestine get pressed down to scrotum and leads to pain and swelling around the testicles. There is also a chance that a small section of intestine gets trapped in the stool passing spot, causing blockage of bowel and inability to excrete out stools. Symptoms of bowel obstruction develop quite fast and include nausea, vomiting, feeling bloated and full.
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