Diabetes is a chronic hormonal disorder in which the pancreas is unable to manufacture the hormone insulin. Insulin is vital for regularizing the blood sugar levels in the body. Insufficient amounts of this hormone can drastically reduce or elevate the blood sugar levels. Type 1 diabetes is characterized by an inability of the pancreas to produce insulin.
Type 2 occurs when the body’s cells become resistant to insulin. Blood sugar levels are tested through a routine blood test done on an empty stomach and a second test done 2 hours after a meal. Anything above 160 mg of sugar per 100 ml of blood can be labelled as a diabetic condition. Diabetes is common amongst older and obese people. It is characterized by excessive thirst, frequent urination, irritability, weight loss or weight gain and slower healing.Besides insulin diabetes can be brought under control through these simple home remedies and natural methods
Bitter Gourd has fast gained popularity as a diabetic food. It has something called as ’plantinsulin’ which is critical to control blood sugar levels. Bitter gourd can be had by diabetics on a daily basis. The juice of the bitter gourd can also be had first thing in the morning.
Amla is a potent source of vitamin c and is also known to be one of the better food choices for diabetics. In fact citrus fruits are recommended for diabetics because of their low sugar content. Amla is said to stimulate the production of insulin in the pancreas.
This is an Indian fruit found in abundance during the monsoon season. Not only is this delicious but also excellent for diabetics. Jamuns can be had whole or in the form of juice after extracting its pulp. The fruit tends to slow down the conversion of starch into sugar thus reducing the sudden elevated spikes of blood sugar commonly seen in diabetics. The seeds too are mildly therapeutic. They can be sun-dried and powdered and this powder can be given to the patient twice everyday with a glass of water.
Fenugreek is fast earning the reputation for treating a host of bodily complications, skin conditions and diseases. It can be had in the form of seeds, powder or cooked as a vegetable. It helps to bring down blood sugar levels and also brings down elevated triglyceride levels.
Other veggies like onion, garlic and cucumber too are excellent in treating diabetes.
Legumes like chana and chick pea have high satiety values which help in stabilizing the blood sugar levels.
Type 2 diabetes which is not dependent on insulin can be brought under control through exercise and controlled eating. Diet modification entails the consumption of fibre-rich low glycemic index foods like whole dals, bran atta, a variety of fruits except for bananas, mangoes and chikoo which are high on sugar. Visible fat and refined foods are a strict no no.
Proteins in moderation are recommended. The 6 meal solution works brilliantly for diabetics. Diabetics who have sweet teeth can indulge on the occasional piece of dark chocolate. Regular exercise like walks and weight training are recommended for diabetics.