Loss of hair from the head or body is known as alopecia. Hair loss occurs due to several reasons. Genetic, hormonal and environmental factors are usually associated with alopecia. Androgenic alopecia, commonly known as male pattern baldness, is the most common form of alopecia.Almost half of all men above the age of 50 experience different degrees of androgenic alopecia. Appearance of a few bald patches on the scalp is known as alopecia areata. It occurs when the immune cells mistakenly attack the hair follicles. In such cases, hair loss is usually temporary, and hair will regrow with proper treatment.Temporary alopecia can be reversed with the help of medications, supplements and herbal treatment. When conventional strategies are not sufficient for restoring normal hair growth, surgical procedures may be used for covering the bald patches.
Different Ways of Treating Alopecia
When an autoimmune disorder is associated with hair loss, injecting steroids to the bald patches can promote hair growth. This is an effective option for treating alopecia areata and alopecia totalis. By suppressing the abnormal immune activities in the hair follicles, corticosteroids enable hair growth.People who cannot tolerate corticosteroid injections can apply corticosteroid ointments such as fluocinolone acetonide, betamethasone dipropionate, prednisone and clobetasol propionate to the bald areas on the scalp.
By protecting the hair follicles from the immune cells, immunmodulators can stimulate hair growth. Immunotherapy agents commonly used for treating alopecia induced by an autoimmune disorder include cyclosporine, methoxsalen and anthralin.
Minoxidil is an effective topical medication for treating alopecia. It is usually effective in young adults who have been experiencing hair loss in the recent past.
Certain herbal remedies can promote hair growth. In the traditional Indian medicine systems, the leaf extract of Eclipta alba is recommended for treating alopecia. Studies suggest that applying the juice or extract of Eclipta alba promotes the anagen phase of the hair production cycle.The positive effect of the herb on the telogen phase of the hair production cycle helps to reduce hair fall. Eclipta prostrate is another plant whose leaf extract can promote hair growth.
Researchers have also observed the beneficial role of onion juice, a traditional topical remedy for alopeacia, in stimulating hair growth. Studies have also revealed the effectiveness of combination of essential oils in inducing hair growth.Regular application of the essential oils of lavender, thyme, cedarwood, rosemary and jojoba oil to the scalp stimulates hair regrowth. Andorgenic alopecia or male pattern baldness can be arrested by applying topical preparations with constituents that inhibit conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone.According to researchers, herbs that can suppress the activities of the enzyme testosterone 5alpha-reductase that supports the conversion of the male hormone to dihydrotestosterone include Pueraria thomsinii, red ginseng and Citrullus colocynthis.
Surgical Hair Restoration
When treatment with medications and herbal remedies fail to reverse alopecia, surgical hair restoration procedure remains the only option for covering the bald areas on the scalp. Hair replacement techniques usually performed include micro grafts, mini grafts, strip grafts, punch grafts, slit grafts, scalp reduction, flaps and tissue expansion.
Caution: Please use Home Remedies after Proper Research and Guidance. You accept that you are following any advice at your own risk and will properly research or consult healthcare professional.