A block in the flow of blood leads to blood clot. Blood clots usually occur in the blood vessels thus making the flow of blood blocked, so that blood does not flow to aspecific organ or the blood flow is blocked to the rest of the body leading to complications. In scientific terms blood clot is also called as thrombosis.
If the clot is larger in size and is separated from the blood vessel it is called embolus and it flows along with the blood and during its travel it can block small blood vessel in any part of the human body.As discussed earlier blood clot can occur in any part of the body. Now let us see the symptoms of the blood clot.
If the clot develops in the leg or hand you may feel a sort of discomfort with pain. Individual who have this problem may find difficulty in walking. The legs may become weak.
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If the clot develops in the lung then the individual may acquire a sudden pain in the region between the chests. Some people may also cough out blood.
A blood clot in the brain is a serious problem and should be treated as early as possible.
The individual suffering from clot in the brain should be shifted to the hospital immediately.Such sufferers will have unbearable head ache or may have stroke. The blood clot in the brain can be removed by surgeries.
If the blood clot develops in the veins it stops the flow of blood to the lungs which leads to a condition called Pulmonary Embolism.
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If the blood clot occurs in the veins of the legs then it may lead to sprain or swelling in the legs or ankles. Because of the extreme sourness people may find difficult to walk and hence need some complete bed rest.
blood clot is very common. People with blood clot need not have to get panic. People who are in the bed for a long period, surgery, heart attack, fracture in the bones are some of the major reasons for blood clot.
It is highly recommended that after undergoing surgery for fractures in the leg you should practice to move the legs slowly so that you can get rid of blood clot problems. You can also take anticoagulant medicines which are considered as the blood thinners after surgery in order to prevent blood clots in the legs.
If you are in control of blood pressure and diabetes then the risks of blood clots are low.Another factor is that if you do regular exercises then you are at a lower risk of blood clots.
If you come across the symptoms of the blood clot you should consult a physician. The observation is made with an x-ray. The physician usually prescribes vasodilators or anticoagulant medication to get rid of blood clots. The vasodilators are used to expand the blood vessels.