Understanding Autism

Autism is a neural development disorder that impairs a persons communication and social interaction. Autism is also characterized by repetitive behavior. When a child has autism, their brain processes information differently due to altered nerve cells. A child with autism is usually more organized and repetitive.

Autism is described as a group of developmental brain disorders called Pervasive Developmental Disorders. There are three different disorders in this group, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, Asperger’s Syndrome and Rett Syndrome. Usually, any of these disorders are just referred to as autism. In recent years, autism has become more common. There is about one diagnosis in every 110 births. Boys have a higher chance of being diagnosed with the disorder. About 75% of the children with the disorder are male.

There are a few things to look for when trying to diagnose autism. A child will usually start to show signs around the young age of six months. Lack of social and communication skills are the first signs to look for. Some children with autism do not speak much at all. They use other forms of communication to express themselves. When a child is placed in a social interactive situation, you may notice the child not taking to it well. The child may become violent, frustrated or extremely shy. This may be a sign of autism. One of the most common signs is when a child becomes very repetitive and organized. The child may get frustrated if something is out of place, or if things are not done the way the child wants it. Watching a child play will help you find the signs for autism.

The exact cause for autism is unknown. There are many factors that could contribute to the disorder, but the main cause is yet to be determined. First would be the genetic causes. There are numerous genes that are connected with the autism disorder. Certain genes determine brain development. They would also affect the way the brain cells communicate which would cause the repetitive and organized characteristic. Other genes can make the child more susceptible to the disorder. Finally, there are some genes that can affect the severity of the symptoms. Sometimes, the genetic material is inherited however, this is not always the case. Although it hasn’t been proven, many people believe that autism could also be caused by a variety of environmental problems as well. Certain viruses and pollutants are the main suspected culprits.

Autism disorder is a controversial topic. Many believe that it does not exist and that the child is just acting out. Others believe that autism can be caused by vaccines. This has never been proven. Knowing the signs to look for can help determine whether a child has autism. Diagnosing it at a young age can make the disorder easier to live with.

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