What is an aneurysm?
An aneurism is a balloon-like widening in the artery. Blood will build-up and cause the aneurysm to grow. This causes the blood vessel to become weak and also, pressure will increase in the aneurysm. Once it becomes too large it can rupture. The ruptured aneurysm can lead to severe health problems including coma and death.
What is an aortic aneurysm?
An aortic aneurysm is an aneurysm that is located in the aorta artery. This artery runs from the chest, through the diaphragm and ends in the abdomen. It then splits into two smaller arteries called the iliac arteries. The aorta artery is the largest in the body and is responsible for most of the blood flow from the heart.
What causes an aortic aneurysm?
Aortic aneurysms are usually caused by hardening in the arteries. This causes the artery walls to weaken and they become more susceptible to build-up. Some genetic disorders can also lead to aortic aneurysms. Also, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and hypertension commonly cause aortic aneurysms. People that smoke tobacco are also over 50% more likely to develop an aortic aneurysm then people that do not. Women are also more susceptible to aortic aneurysms then men.
What are the symptoms of aortic aneurysms?
In most cases, aortic aneurysms do not have any symptoms until they rupture. Once they rupture you will most likely experience excruciating pain in your chest and abdomen. If you experience any of these symptoms you should seek medical attention immediately to eliminate any further problems.
What are the treatments for aortic aneurysms?
Although there is no proven treatments for unruptured aortic aneurysms, there are some ways to help them heal. First, if you area a smoker, you should stop smoking immediately. This will help heal the aortic aneurysm and also help prevent others from forming. Also, getting your blood pressure under control will help heal and prevent aneurysms from forming. Lowering your cholesterol will also help. If the aneurysm has already ruptured, surgery will be needed. There are two forms of surgery to treat the aneurysm. The first one is clipping surgery. A small metal clip attached to the base of the aneurysm to help relieve pressure and stop the blood flow. Coil surgery is similar. A small tube is inserted into the aorta artery and set at the edge of the aneurysm. Metal coils are then placed through the tube and attached to the aneurysm. The coils relieve pressure and stop the blood flow.
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