Degenerative arthritis is one of the most common forms of arthritis. It is also known as degenerative joint disease and osteoarthritis. Degenerative arthritis is caused by the deterioration of the cartilage surrounding the joint. When the cartilage breaks down, the bones rub together, causing pain, stiffness, and loss of mobility, the basic symptoms of degenerative arthritis. Morning stiffness is very common, as is swelling of the joints. Pain from both overuse, and from sitting for prolonged amounts of time , are other symptoms.
There are several causes of degenerative arthritis. Age is the primary cause. Wear and tear as we age will cause the cartilage to deteriorate. Obesity puts a tremendous amount of pressure on a person’s joints and this can contribute to degenerative arthritis. Heredity plays a factor as well. The way our bones are formed, such as being bowlegged, is passed down through the generations. Injury or trauma to the joints can cause degenerative arthritis to develop. Repetitive movements puts undue stress on the joints that can contribute to the condition as well. Weak muscles can cause a joint to break down. Other known causes are rheumatiod arthritis and excess iron.
There are several different treatment options for degenerative arthritis. Medications such as analgesics, NSAIDs, topical analgesics, and anti-inflammatory drugs are all effective. Physical therapy helps to improve mobility and strengthen muscles. Weight loss and a good exercise regimen can help alleviate the pain of degenerative arthritis. Occasionally, there may be a need for a person to wear a brace to help the joints move properly. Surgery is an option for people that stll have extreme pain after employing all other treatments. Arthroscopic surgery, osteotomy, and joint replacement surgery, are all effective for a person with extreme pain. There are several alternative options for pain management of degenerative arthritis. Glucosamin and Chondroitin Sulfate are two dietary supplements that many people find satisfactory in managing pain. Some studies have shown that taking Vitamin D, C and E may alleviate some symptoms . Chiropractic, which is the manipulation of joints, is used to help pain management, but care must be taken, as it has sometimes been found to exacerbate some degenerative arthritis symptoms.
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